详细记录  
题名:A molecular dynamics approach to the structural characterization of amyloid aggregation.
作者:Cecchini M, Curcio R, Pappalardo M, Melki R, Caflisch A.
来源:J Mol Biol. 2006 Apr 7;357(4):1306-21. Epub 2006 Jan 26.
URL :http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=16483608&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum
日期:060930
摘要:A novel computational approach to the structural analysis of ordered beta-aggregation is presented and validated on three known amyloidogenic polypeptides. The strategy is based on the decomposition of the sequence into overlapping stretches and equilibrium implicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of an oligomeric system for each stretch. The structural stability of the in-register parallel aggregates sampled in the implicit solvent runs is further evaluated using explicit water simulations for a subset of the stretches. The beta-aggregation propensity along the sequence of the Alzheimer`s amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta(42)) is found to be highly heterogeneous with a maximum in the segment V(12)HHQKLVFFAE(22) and minima at S(8)G(9), G(25)S(26), G(29)A(30), and G(38)V(39), which are turn-like segments. The simulation results suggest that these sites may play a crucial role in determining the aggregation tendency and the fibrillar structure of Abeta(42). Similar findings are obtained for the human amylin, a 37-residue peptide that displays a maximal beta-aggregation propensity at Q(10)RLANFLVHSSNN(22) and two turn-like sites at G(24)A(25) and G(33)S(34). In the third application, the MD approach is used to identify beta-aggregation `hot-spots` within the N-terminal domain of the yeast prion Ure2p (Ure2p(1-94)) and to design a double-point mutant (Ure2p-N4748S(1-94)) with lower beta-aggregation propensity. The change in the aggregation propensity of Ure2p-N4748S(1-94) is verified in vitro using the thioflavin T binding assay.

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