题名：CLONING THUMBS-UP IN OZ
来源：Science 15 December 2006 314: 1663
Australia last week became the latest in a handful of countries to explicitly approve the practice of therapeutic cloning--otherwise known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)--for scientists working with human embryonic stem cells. By a vote of 82 to 62, the House of Representatives in Canberra defied the country`s political leadership, including Prime Minister John Howard, and endorsed a vote by the Senate last month, ending a 4-year ban on SCNT. The new law requires destruction of SCNT-created embryos within 14 days. It also adds a restriction: Insertion of human genetic material into animal eggs is not allowed.
Australian scientists are `elated` at the development, which may enable them to generate genetically tailored populations of stem cells to study diseases, says stem cell researcher Alan Trounson of Monash University in Melbourne.
The new law should also boost attendance at the 5th annual meeting of the International Society for Stem Cell Research, which will be held in Cairns, Australia, in June.
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