详细记录  
题名:Potent siRNA Inhibitors of Ribonucleotide Reductase Subunit RRM2 Reduce Cell Proliferation In vitro and In vivo.
作者:Heidel JD, Liu JY, Yen Y, Zhou B, Heale BS, Rossi JJ, Bartlett DW, Davis ME.
来源:Clin Cancer Res[IF=5.715]. 2007 Apr 1;13(7):2207-15.
URL :http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-06-2218
日期:070415
摘要: Jeremy D. Heidel1, Joanna Yi-Ching Liu1, Yun Yen3, Bingsen Zhou3, Bret S.E. Heale4, John J. Rossi4, Derek W. Bartlett2 and Mark E. Davis2

1 Calando Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; 2 Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California; 3 City of Hope National Medical Center; and 4 Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California

Abstract

Purpose: Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is a therapeutic target for DNA replicationCdependent diseases such as cancer. Here, a potent small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplex against the M2 subunit of RR (RRM2) is developed and shown to reduce the growth potential of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo.

Experimental Design: Three anti-RRM2 siRNAs were identified via computational methods, and the potency of these and additional "tiling" duplexes was analyzed in cultured cells via cotransfections using a RRM2-luciferase fusion construct. Knockdown of RRM2 by the best duplex candidates was confirmed directly by Western blotting. The effect of potent duplexes on cell growth was investigated by a real-time cell electronic sensing assay. Finally, duplex performance was tested in vivo in luciferase-expressing cells via whole animal bioluminescence imaging.

Results: Moderate anti-RRM2 effects are observed from the three duplexes identified by computational methods. However, the tiling experiments yielded an extremely potent duplex (siR2B+5). This duplex achieves significant knockdown of RRM2 protein in cultured cells and has pronounced antiproliferative activity. S.c. tumors of cells that had been transfected with siR2B+5 preinjection grew slower than those of control cells.

Conclusions: An anti-RRM2 siRNA duplex is identified that exhibits significant antiproliferative activity in cancer cells of varying human type and species (mouse, rat, monkey); these findings suggest that this duplex is a promising candidate for therapeutic development. 19:

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