详细记录  
题名:SARS coronavirus replicase proteins in pathogenesis
作者:Rachel L. Graham, Jennifer S. Sparks, Lance D. Eckerle, Amy C. Sims and Mark R. Denison
来源:Virus Research[IF=2.562], In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 30 March 2007,
URL :http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2007.02.017
日期:070415
摘要: Rachel L. Grahama, c, Jennifer S. Sparksb, c, Lance D. Eckerlea, b, c, Amy C. Simsd and Mark R. Denisona, b, c, ,

aDepartment of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States
bDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States
cThe Elizabeth B. Lamb Center for Pediatric Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States
dDepartment of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, United States

Summary

Much progress has been made in understanding the role of structural and accessory proteins in the pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infections. The SARS epidemic also brought new attention to the proteins translated from ORF1a and ORF1b of the input genome RNA, also known as the replicase/transcriptase gene. Evidence for change within the ORF1ab coding sequence during the SARS epidemic, as well as evidence from studies with other coronaviruses, indicates that it is likely that the ORF1ab proteins play roles in virus pathogenesis distinct from or in addition to functions directly involved in viral replication. Recent reverse genetic studies have confirmed that proteins of ORF1ab may be involved in cellular signaling and modification of cellular gene expression, as well as virulence by mechanisms yet to be determined. Thus, the evolution of the ORF1ab proteins may be determined as much by issues of host range and virulence as they are by specific requirements for intracellular replication. 18.

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